Speaking Part 3
1.Do people in your country like to travel?
Yes, people in India like to travel. India is a colossal country to travel around. There are so many beautiful and adventurous places here. Hence people of India are athirst to travel from one place to another. Indians are always keen on discovering the daring and quixotic moments through travel. Nowadays, Indians mostly travel with friends wherever they get a vacation or a weekend
2. How has travelling changed, compared to several decades ago?
With the growing population and economic growth, India has changed especially in regards to travel. People now travel for uploading travel blogs, pictures or everyday travel videos on social media.The mode of transportation has improved a lot, as travel now is cheaper, comfortable and faster. Nowadays content creators go to places, find stuff and share in social media which is phenomenal. Now travel has become so easy that anyone can go for a long vacation.
3. When do people travel (as tourists), whom do they usually go with?
People usually travel with family friends or loved ones for a weekend to a neighbouring country or for a family vacation or for long travel. There is something within us that triggers us to pack our bags and visit a new place. Tourists mainly visit India, especially the southern part of India, during April – May and December for experiencing the crystal blue waters and soft white sand beaches. Tourists usually visit India with family and friends. Some people come with their loved ones to spend their most adventurous moments of life.
4. Do you think travel can (or, does) change people’s ways of thinking?
I think travel has made people better communicators. It has allowed people to be more patient. Through travelling, people can get to know a lot more about the world around them. Travel increases the desire to meet new people and pushes one to explore all kinds of amazing, admirable things. You become a well-rounded person just by experience. Travelling focuses on a greater sense of empathy and we also gain knowledge about diverse cultures. Interaction with people is another pathway to revitalize our minds. I think travelling really develops a personality. They become less judgemental, more stable, more open-minded, find themselves more optimistic, and don’t panic often.
5. What are the disadvantages of not travelling?
There are many disadvantages of not travelling to a new place. Many educational and health benefits will be missed. We will be unable to learn new cultures and languages. Memories for a lifetime will really pass over. You will not be able to deal with the stress, if you don’t take a break and travel. Also, you cannot sense and appreciate independence. You cannot boost confidence within yourself. You cannot realize your passion if you are not physically exploring places.
Travelling in cities
6.How do most people in your country travel to work?
Most of the people in India own a vehicle. It could either be a two-wheeler or four-wheeler. And the ones who don’t have a private vehicle travel through public transport like metro, buses, or by local trains. Sometimes they travel by subways too.
7. People in cities used to like living downtown but now they prefer to live in the suburbs. Can you explain why?
In suburbs there is a lot of free space available. Also in most suburbs, there is an element of peace and people lead a normal life. But in cities, the places have become more and more compact with population increase. One more advantage of suburbs is that the cost of living is low.
8. What is the impact of vehicles on people’s lives?
Owning a private vehicle is very common nowadays. It makes our life easy as we can travel at our convenience. People have started travelling from one city to another. Vehicles have made their life comfortable. People have also become a bit lazy as they tend to take vehicles even for shorter distances and also a lot of fuel is burnt in this process.
9. Do people in your country prefer to walk or take a car for short trips?
People in India mostly prefer taking a walk if it is a very short trip like walking to the nearby grocery shop. Walking is also essential for a person to maintain proper metabolism. Walking is preferred because firstly it is, of course, environmentally friendly and also it boosts up our immune system ,energy, and also keeps our heart healthy and fit
10.How can big cities deal with the problem of having many people crowded in the same place?
We can help people by providing them with valuable and good sources of information to plan a visit. E.g., Help schedule the time of travel. We can also improve the infrastructure in an area that can reduce overcrowding in the particular region. We can also encourage corporate companies to build technology parks in the suburbs and villages as well.
11. Are there any connections between transportation and the environment?
Yes, there is a direct linking between travelling and the environment. When the weather is perfect and soothing, we enjoy travelling. If the heat comes right above our head, we get irritated and will not enjoy our trip.
12. Does your hometown have problems connected to transportation??
The transportation in my hometown is not good. The public transport can’t be trusted because the buses don’t arrive on time. Also, the people aren’t educated and are unaware of the timings of public transport. The most important thing is that women are concerned about their safety in public transport.
13. How could these problems be solved?
These problems can be solved by making people aware of the timetable of the buses. They can also educate the drivers about being on time. The people can be trained to use metro options too
14. Is cycling very popular in your city?
Cycling is given a lot of importance in my hometown because it is good exercise. People are educated and know that it helps in increasing cardiovascular fitness, muscle flexibility, decreasing stress level and that it also makes our mind fresh and boosts up our energy level.
15. What are the differences between travelling by car and travelling by bicycle in a city?
Car is faster and effective than bicycles. A car can hold more stuff into it, but you can’t carry heavy items in a cycle. Also in a car, safety is guaranteed because of its compact and secured design. A car can house a group of people but a cycle cannot. Also it is way more comfortable than a cycle.
16. What are the advantages and disadvantages of cycling in the city?
Riding a bicycle helps in building mental and physical fitness. It helps in saving a lot of money too. It is rejuvenating to take a cool shower after cycling for an hour or two. As we have pros, there are cons too. We may be exposed to the day’s temperature, which can harm our body ( if it is not moderate). We can meet with accidents. Cycles are theft-prone too.
17. How could the government encourage more people to use bicycles in the city?
Government can create separate lanes for cycling. They can also introduce some schemes related to cycling. Marathons can be held in a regular interval of time. They can even distribute pamphlets regarding the importance of cycling to encourage people.
18. What are the benefits of having a good public transportation system in a city?
Having good transportation in a city makes life convenient and helps people reach their destination on time. It will be safe for girls to travel. Also, it helps in less consumption of fossil fuels like petrol or diesel. By this, we can help in reducing the pollution as we will use the buses rather than our own vehicle.
19. How will transportation in cities change in the future?
There are already many plans that our government is looking into, and one of them is the technology of the bullet trains, which can help people travel in less time at a very reasonable cost. In the coming days, people might develop a technology that can help them reach their destination within the city very fast and without pollution.
20. Do people from your country like to travel abroad?
Yes , many of my friends travel abroad when they get holidays. Also, many such people are there who go out of India to experience more about the culture, food , people ,climate , of foreign countries.
21. Can you suggest why some people (from your country) go abroad to work?
Some people go abroad to work to get more exposure and gain experience. Some people like to travel a lot. So they take up a job which will help them in travelling. They even travel to embrace a new lifestyle and also to learn a new language.
Traffic congestion in cities
22. What causes traffic problems in big cities?
Due to the increase of population and growth of the economy in big cities, people rush for work everyday which is the main cause of traffic problems. Due to an increase in the number of vehicles on the road such as at the peak hour, lack of vehicle regulation has increased the problems. Sometimes non recurring events like road accidents slows down road traffic and weather problems also result in immobility of vehicles.
23. What could be done to solve this problem?
The more the lanes, the higher the capacity a road has. So cars should be able to drive faster, but that’s a very narrow analysis of the problem. Some technical procedure is needed to control the traffic jams over roads. Use of public transport should be encouraged. Parking should be controlled via a universal pay and park in parking facilities. Proper signboards at each and every junction which may also help to reduce traffic. Traffic control systems should be improved, traffic lights should be fully computerized and constantly serviced. Traffic lanes could be created for multiple car occupancy.
24. What do you think are the benefits of having a good public transportation system in a city?
Travelling by public transport is very useful in saving money. You don’t need to speed much money on purchasing cars. Imagine that you are on a bus, taking a seat, and starting to relax by reading the newspaper or sleeping a little while. Yes, you can do this on a bus. You don’t have to concentrate on the road.
This source of transportation is perfect for tourists. It is a good alternative for the older generation. Public transportation sometimes becomes adventurous, and we get to know many new people every day.
25. How do you imagine public transport might change in the future?
I think public transport might change in the future. The world is changing fast. Cities are growing, and the urban population is rising. The need to transport people and goods is increasing, but so is congestion, air pollution, road accidents, and climate change. In the present times, electric vehicles are used for public transport, and the transportation system is enabled through an integrated cloud platform, connecting vehicles, people, infrastructure, and logistic platforms. Bus platooning is improving efficiency and capacity in the city of public transportation. The future is the electric zero mission with low noise, giving the electric combat excavator access to the environmental city zone.
26. What are some of the reasons why people travel long distances?
There are many reasons like getting more of a personal perspective, giving yourself some time, grasping more adventure. Also, the most important thing is building a solid relationship with whomever you travel.People tend to travel to meet their family members who stay at a distant place. Travel bloggers travel for fun and pleasure.
27. Is it easier to travel long distances today than in the past? (Why?)
Yes, it has become much easier to travel now than in the past. Nowadays, it is much more feasible and affordable for a person or a group of people to travel even to far off places. In fact, nowadays people just travel because they are crazy to explore the latest technology
28. How does long-distance travel today differ from the past?
Nowadays it’s very convenient and affordable and also we have a lot of options as in to travel anywhere but this wasn’t the case in the old days . People used to travel mostly with bullock carts or either used to take walk for travelling which would take a lot of time but with the help of recent technology we can travel faster
29. What effects does long-distance travel have on people?
People who are old or babies usually get tired in the long-distance journey. If we are with a group of people and travelling, it becomes fun, but if we had to travel alone, we tend to get bored. And also most importantly, it can turn into travel fatigue which disturbs our daily lives.
30. Can long-distance travel ever create problems for people?
People who travel frequently tend to become lonely and may develop long-term health issues that can be very dangerous at times. Travelling long distances isn’t cheap either. Also it is very taxing. Even after reaching our destination we become lethargic and tend to sleep more rather than taking a tour of the place.
31. Does long-distance travel have any effect on the environment?
Travelling long distances by any means of transport will cost you a lot and is also not environmentally friendly. All types of transportation including air create a greenhouse effect in the topmost layer, which is way too hazardous.The most polluting vehicle is the flight. Then comes the car and train. Cars use fossil fuel and release toxic gases into the air.
32. How might long-distance travel change in the future?
With the advent of technology, it might become much easier and affordable to travel. We can reach long distances at the fullest comfort in no time. Recent research shows that electric flights might be coming up in the future to minimise pollution.
33. How would it be like to travel to space?
It would be fantastic. There are very few people who have been getting a chance to undertake such excellent travel. And if I am the chosen one I might be very proud of myself to step into the moon.
34. What are the problems people might experience when going on a trip and what could be done to avoid/solve these problems?
There are a lot of problems which might occur during travel. We might suffer from health issues or run out of cash, or get delayed, which might affect our whole tour. The only solution for this is that we should plan adequately before we step out.We can also pool vehicles to avoid pollution.
Preparing for a trip
35. Is it important for travelers to carefully plan the trip?
Yes, planning a trip is really important for travellers. If everything is in an organised way, we can switch to the travelling mindset with ease. Traveling to different places and staying there for fews days will help us to rejuvenate and relax if we arrange everything before the trip.
36. What are the differences between a well-planned trip and a trip that is not well-planned?
Well planned trips are those which accommodate even the sudden changes that occur on the spot. Talk and discuss the trip with whom you are going. Make sure you have the travel plans. Let the problems be sided and let all the solutions get strained in one piece of sheet. Not planned trips will face budget problems and they will meet with unnecessary expenditure. They will not know more about where to visit and how to go, and how to stay. They will not be aware of the culture and of the place they are travelling to and will always face problems .
37. In general, what factors should people consider when planning a trip?
We need to first focus on booking tickets or visas or passports .
Internal currency planning, sightseeing, etc seems to be so daunting which is why people rely on travel agents and they don’t mind paying them. But making a plan under budget needs time. The factors that we should keep in mind while making the trip are: Number of days needed to reach the destination, travel companion, and adventures.
38. What essential things do people need to take when they go on a trip?
I will now talk about some of the essential things people need to take when they go on a trip: a neck pillow for train or flight travel to relax the body. Eye masks are also crucial for good sleep, as we also need time to energize ourselves through sleep. We need to take our clothes accordingly by keeping in mind the weather of that particular place. You can take a camera with you to capture those beautiful moments, which would remain handy. Charger, power banks are very much crucial during travelling. Skincare products and other necessary makeup materials can make yourself look glamorous with a photoshoot.
39. Do you think there are any differences between men and women when they plan a trip?
Yes, I think there lies a difference between men and women when they plan a trip. Women start packing a month early. They make several lists, pack for themselves and their kids. They plan many activities for their kids, and they get busy with packing different varieties of clothes and makeup. Women stage things serially and in an organised way, but men remain leftover with last moment packing. Men drag 2 – 3 pairs of jeans, shirts and 3 pairs of socks and shorts, and they’re done. They remain excited and capture the beautiful natural beauty on a camera.
40. People with different personalities sometimes plan or prepare for a trip differently. Can you give some examples of this?
People with different personalities plan and prepare for trips differently as they want to explore and explore that destination from their inner core. Naturally, people travel for enjoyment with family and friends, but some people think differently. They remain enthusiastic about bringing out the dangerous unknown adventure. They generally make sudden plans.
41. How do people find information about places to travel to?
There are several factors which people must consider while preparing for a trip. They should not get so confused about stuffing all the things in one bag. Some usually keep everything for the last moment and get confused. These people must make a checklist and ensure that all the necessary documents, cards are adequately arranged. They should also double-check that necessary medicines and clothes are packed.
42. What factors would people consider when preparing for a trip?
Nowadays we can find information about travel on the internet . We can get information through vlogs, twitter, and different social media sites. We can easily get a detailed analysis and budget list of the particular destination. There are travel agencies that help us with information about unknown places . The encyclopedia and youtube travelogue channels, also make our travel easy.
43. If you were travelling with friends, what qualities would you like them to have?
When we have to choose the travel companion we should think of a person who is compatible and has a good sense of humour, is sensible, generous and also shares the budget
44. Some people prefer to go on guided tours when they travel while others prefer to travel individually. Which do you think is better?
From my point of view taking up a guide is more preferable as these people have knowledge which may not be in books or any kind of brochure and they also will suggest the best and affordable places to stay, eat etc
45. What are the different means of transport that a person can choose when travelling?
There are different types of transport which one can use for travelling. For example, sea, rail, flight or car. Most suitable out of these is the flight as it makes our travel quick and convenient. Other means of travelling such as public transport or cabs etc also make life easy and enable us to enjoy a tour.
46. In what ways does a person’s wealth affect the quality of that person’s travelling experience?
Wealth does affect the quality of travel we do. If we are rich, we can enjoy a trip to the fullest. The opposite of it is that if we have less money to spend, we may have to compromise our comforts.
47. Whom do you think learns more from travelling, old people or young people?
Young people learn more. The youth get inspired by travelling as they get to know more people and learn how to handle them. They also get excellent exposure, and come across new opportunities. They even get to know themselves and also will have a clear vision over what should be one’s goal.
48. Do you think it’s a good idea to use a credit card when travelling?
A credit card is considered the best friend of anyone travelling. It makes the payment easier and provides certain advantages such as cashback or a reward. People prefer this, as there is a considerable risk involved in carrying cash.
49. Some people like to take a lot of things with them when they travel and other people prefer to take as little as possible. Why do you think people have this difference?
It varies according to the individual. Person A would like to carry a lot so that he/she dont have to borrow anything from others. On the other hand, person B may not like to carry much luggage because he might prefer taking only basic things and buying the rest.
50. Do you think the tourism industry is very important?
Yes, the tourism industry is vital to the world’s economy. It not only takes part in the economy but also plays a vital role as the backbone of the country. It provides job opportunities to the people of the country. It also creates a special bond between the visitors and the localities. We get to know about the history of places, culture and almost everything.
51. What do you think has led to the growth in the tourism industry?
There are several factors that have led to the growth of the tourism industry. One of the most important factors is people’s hunger to learn and see. This “interest” is the reason why people have decided to consider this as a means of employment. Now, the most significant factor of the World’s economy comes from this industry.
52. What benefits does tourism bring to society?
Tourism brings several benefits to society. The tourism industry is the largest contributor to the world’s economy and facilitates foreign trade. For example, India is rich in spices, and our country holds the biggest spice trading business. Yes, if it hadn’t been for tourism, our minerals and resources would have been unknown to the world. The handloom industry is another branch, which has flourished only because of the tourism industry. In short, it has an impact on a lot of factors that are interconnected.
53. Are there any problems caused by tourism? How to address these problems?
Yes. Alongside the benefits, it brings in some problems too. All these trade and foreign business has resulted in exposing our wealth and riches to the other countries. This is one of the very reasons why the British empire wanted to settle in India and make it their colony. If the government is weak, it can easily be taken over and ruin the nation.
54. How to balance the economic benefits of tourism with the environmental damage that is done by tourism?
The economic benefit and the environmental damage can only be balanced by limiting the trading. One should stop forcing the environment to go beyond its limit just to produce a greater yield for exports . The greed for money has led to disaster. Tourists also tend to contaminate the ground by throwing plastics or wrappers. Some throw eateries on the road.
55. What effects do you think international travel has on the different countries involved?
International travel has an impact on the relationship between the tourists and localite. It builds a bond between the people of the two countries involved. This bond will eventually mature into foreign settlements which will be beneficial for both countries in the long run. It also helps better import and export systems.
56. How has international travel changed in the past 20 or 30 years?
With the passing ages, everything has changed. Places have changed their infrastructure. Villages have turned into metropolitan cities. I think currency is an important factor too. The value for money has changed too. What cost 1rs back then, might cost 10 rs now. So yes, that’s a factor too.
57. Can you suggest some things that people should and should not do when they travel to a foreign country as tourists?
People visiting foreign should not exploit their land and properties. One should not make fun of their culture and sentiments. Thus the person visiting a foreign land should respect it as how they want to be treated by their visitors/tourists.
58. Do you think that the media has many effects on tourism?
Media has a tremendous impact on tourism. In the modern world, people rely primarily on social media and news. An unknown place can turn into a popular holiday destination overnight. So yes, the media impacts a lot. Media has also captured attractive pictures and videos which have attracted many tourists too. So behind the popularity of a place, the media played a vital role.
59. Some think it’s not necessary to go to tourist places, now that we can see these places on the internet. Do you agree?
Some people think it’s not necessary to go to tourist places because we can see places on the internet. But it’s like watching a picture of your favourite food and filling up your appetite. Unless and until you are present in that area in person, you can never feel the true essence of the place
Changes in travelling
60. How do you think travelling today is different from what it was several decades ago?
In modern times, we have different modes of communication which were not in history. Earlier people used to walk and used animal drawn carts to travel from place to place. The discovery of petroleum was the light of revolution. Now, one can visit places conveniently.
61. In 20 or 30 years, how do you think travelling will be different from what it is today?
With every passing day, the level of crude oil is decreasing. Many vehicles are being idealised to draw fuel in alternative ways. Tesla, is one such example. I am sure there will be inventions like this. So yes, there will be a huge difference between today and the future generation. Soon there will be a way to resolve the issue, and we might be able to run a vehicle via solar energy, or any other source for that matter. Even though there will be a lot to plan and implement, mankind will overcome every hurdle.
Modern technology and travel
62. In what ways has modern technology changed people’s travelling experiences?
In the earlier times, people used animal drawn carts or palanquins to travel from place to place. With the inventions of technologies, the vehicles have also become modernised. Modern technologies have reduced human effort and so of animals. It has saved a lot of time and it is much more convenient.
63. Do you think the internet has had an effect on people’s travelling behaviour today?
Yes, the internet has impacted indirectly on people’s travelling behaviour today. We can sit at home and book train tickets or flight tickets. One does not have to go to the station and search for trains or go to the airport to book tickets. The Internet has made online services like Ola,Uber or Rapido, which will help us to reach our destination in a shorter period of time.
64. If you were going on a trip, what essential modern technology would you carry, and why?
If i am travelling somewhere, i will carry my cell phone. It’s the modern technology I choose to carry because it will help us in several ways. Beginning with google maps, contacts, or helpline and emergency numbers. Among all the boons of mobile phones, the advantages overshadow them. One can capture the beautiful moments of the trip on their mobiles. They can also play music during the trip. So a mobile phone serves many purposes while you travel.
Vocabulary for Speaking Part 3
- Colossal: extremely large or great.
Eg: In fact, this means a colossal amount of foreign travel.
- Athirst: Very eager to get something
Eg: She was athirst to get her birthday gift
- Platooning: Use the strategy of alternating (a pair of players or one player with another) in a specified field position in successive games.
Eg: Marim designed a platoon for badminton along with her friends
- Immobility: The state of not moving; motionlessness.
Eg: She was almost frozen into immobility by the fear that it would be something illegal.
- Petroleum: oil used to make petrol and diesel
Eg: Petroleum is used for all purpose these days
- Crude oil: source of petroleum
Eg: Crude oil is a source of energy which is found deep under the ocean
- Tesla: a modern car working on electricity
Eg: He is so rich that he can afford a Tesla
- Revolution: change
Eg: Revolution is the only constant
- overshadow: to overcome something
Eg: He overshadows his pain with a smile
- Impact: affect
Eg: Good food has an impact on people.
- Adequately: to a satisfactory or acceptable extent.
Eg: He was adequately prepared for the situation
- Hazardous: risky; dangerous.
Eg: The situation in which we are working is really hazardous
- Facilitates: beneficial
Eg: Befriending the captain facilitated better understanding of the team
- Exploits: destroys
Eg: “You should not exploit anyone’s innocence.”
- Appetite: Hunger
Eg: She lost her appetite.