HomeVocabularyIELTS Vocabulary: Topic GOVERNMENT

IELTS Vocabulary: Topic GOVERNMENT

GOVERNMENT is a common topic in IELTS. Here is a list of words that you need to know to get a good score.

  1. to abide by
    Meaning; (formal) to accept and act according to a law, an agreement, etc.
    Example: Motorists who do not abide by the rules of the road should be severely punished.
  1. parliamentary democracy
    Meaning: a system of government in which candidates are voted to represent the people of a country in a national parliament or assembly
    Example: Freedom of speech is usually one of the rights enjoyed by citizens in a parliamentary democracy.
  2. to adhere to
    Meaning: to behave according to a particular law, rule, set of instructions,
    Example: Governments which fail to adhere to their election promises generally become unpopular very quickly.
  3. constitutional government
    Meaning: connected with the laws which a country is governed by
    Example: The media have an important role to play in reporting on the actions
    of politicians, to ensure the proper functioning of constitutional
  4. the executive branch
    Meaning: that part of the government organisation responsible for implementing laws and decisions
    Example: The enforcement of policies affecting schools and hospitals is the responsibility of theexecutive branch of the government.
  5. the legislative branch
    Meaning: that part of the government responsible for making laws
    Example: Laws relating to human rights have been passed by the legislative branch of many national governments.
  6. the separation of powers
    Meaning: the principle that separates government authority into three branches – legislative (the Parliament or Senate), executive (the President or Ministers) and the judiciary (the judges and courts).
    Example: In the USA, the independence of the courts from the government is safeguarded by the separation of powers
  7. to adopt policies
    Meaning: to start to use particular policies
    Example: In order to deal with traffic congestion, the government must adopt policies to restrict the use of private cars.
  8. to impose spending cuts
    Meaning: to introduce new rules to spend less money on something
    Example: It is essential for the authorities to impose spending cuts on space programs in order to fund health services.
  9. to raise taxes on
    Meaning: to increase the amount of tax on something
    Example: Governments should raise taxes on cigarettes to persuade more people to give up smoking.
  10. to curb public spending on
    Meaning: to restrict what the government spends on something
    Example: I would argue that it is preferable to curb public spending on building new roads rather than to impose spending cuts on education.
  11. to allocate resources to
    Meaning: to make money and materials available to do something
    Example: If governments allocate more resources to improving public transport, this will educe the problem of traffic congestion in cities.
  12. to introduce restrictions on
    Meaning: to limit what people can do or what can happen
    Example: The government must introduce restrictions on smoking in public places.
  13. to infringe on/upon something
    Meaning: to limit somebody’s legal rights
    Example: Governments must sometimes infringe upon individual freedoms in the wider interests of society.
  14. to be a government priority
    Meaning: something which is so important that the government should deal with it first.
    Example: In developing countries, spending on health and education should be top government priorities.
  15. to prioritize expenditure on
    Meaning: to put the need to spend money on certain things first
    Example: I believe that it is important to prioritize expenditure on medical research in order to save lives.
  16. to provide funding for
    Meaning: to give money to enable something to be done
    Example: Providing funding for health care must be a priority of governments.
  17. high on the agenda
    Meaning: something which is among the first things in the list of actions to be taken
    Example: The rehabilitation of prisoners must be high on the agenda of prison authorities everywhere.
  18. to exert pressure on
    Meaning: to use power to influence somebody or something
    Example: Environmental organisations should exert pressure on governments to invest in renewable energy projects.
  19. to form a pressure group
    Meaning: to organize a group of people who try to influence the government to achieve the action that they want.
    Example: Activists in my country have formed a pressure group to persuade the government to close nuclear power stations.
  20. to provide public subsidies for
    Meaning: to give government money to reduce the costs of services or to produce goods in order to keep the price low
    Example: In order to promote agriculture that is environmentally-friendly, the government should provide public subsidies for organic farmers.
  21. international bodies
    Meaning: organizations which operate in many countries
    Example: National governments ought to give funds to international bodies, like the Red Cross and the United Nations, to deal with emergency situations.
  22. national and local authorities
    Meaning: government organizations acting at a national level or within a smaller, local area
    Example: Tackling crime is a responsibility of both national and local authorities.
  23. non-governmental organizations: NGOs
    Meaning: a charity or association that is independent of government or business
    Example: Individuals could donate money to NGOs to help others in need of food, shelter and medical services.
  24. to campaign for something
    Meaning: to take part in a series of activities in order to achieve a specific aim.
    Example: People who are concerned about the environment should campaign for stricter controls on pollution.
  25. government decision-making
    Meaning: the process of deciding about something official
    Example: Pressure groups are sometimes able to influence government decision-making.
  26. to impose an official ban on
    Meaning: to say or declare that something is not allowed
    Example: Governments ought toimpose an official ban on the use of mobile phones on public transport.
  27. government sponsorship
    Meaning: the act of providing financial support by the government
    Example: Government sponsorship of the arts is necessary if creative talent is to be encouraged.
  28. a welfare state
    Meaning: a taxation system which allows governments to provide for the economic and social well-being of its citizens
    Example: In order to eradicate poverty, I believe that a welfare state should be established in all developing countries.
  29. a stopgap measure
    Meaning: a policy or action adopted for a short time until some more permanent solution is found
    Example: Building more prisons will not solve the problem of rising crime rates, but it is a stopgap measure which the government must take to protect ordinary citizens.

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