Task 1 (Bar chart) – Employment rates across 6 countries in 1995 and 2005


The graph below shows information on employment rates across 6 countries in 1995 and 2005.

Summarise the information by choosing and describe the main idea, and make comparisons where appropriate.

» Write at least 150 words.

Employment Rates by Country, 1995-2005

Model Answer 1:

The supplied bar graph compares the employment rates between men and female in 6 different countries for the years 1995 and 2005. As is observed from the given data, the employment rate among men was higher than that of females in all of the given six countries and the overall employment conditions in Iceland, Switzerland was comparatively better than the other four countries.

As is given in the diagram, initially in 1995, more than 65% males were employed in Switzerland and in Iceland while in other four countries this rate was less than 60%. After a decade, the male employment percentage reached over 70% except in Australia. On the contrary, in 1995, the female employment rate was over 50% only in Switzerland and for the rest of the countries, this was from 28% to 58%. This quota also improved over the 10 years, and in 2005, female employee rate reached to almost 70% in Switzerland and for the rest of the countries, it was 50%.

In summary, the male had a better employment record than the female and in 10 years the employment opportunity for both male and female increased.

Sample Answer 2:

The column graph shows employment rate variations in six countries, namely, Australia, Switzerland, Ireland, UK, New Zealand and the USA between 1995 and 2005. As is observed,  employment rates in these countries improved and there have been notable advancements for women in the workforce.

It is obvious that women had lower employment rates in most of the countries. For example, in Australia in 1995, 57 percent of men had a job, but only 27 percent of women were employed. In this year, the highest employment rates for women (70%) was in Iceland where more than 80% men were working class.

The second biggest trend in the graph is the improvement in employment between 1995 and 2005. In all countries shown, figures for both men and women employment rates improved. The biggest change was in the United Kingdom, from 55 percent of men in 1995 to 73 percent over the ten years period. Furthermore, the increases in employment rates for women were much higher in New Zealand. The percentage of working women jumped from 25 percent to 42 percent, and in the United States from 45 percent to 61 percent over the decade. In these countries, at least a 12 percent increased both for men and women over the ten years.

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