Task 1 (Bar chart) – Percentage of the population living in urban areas in the world

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The bar chart below gives information about the percentage of the population living in urban areas in the world and in different continents.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Sample Answer 1:

The column graph gives data on the growth of urban population in five different continents as well as in the world as a whole in three different years including the projection for the year 2030. Overall, percentages of global city-dwellers increased remarkably and a great ratio of the world population would live in cities in the future.

As is obvious from the illustration, less than one-third global population lived in urban areas in 1950. The majority of this city-dwellers were in American and European continents while only 15-17% Asian and African were in municipalities. After 57 years, around half of the global population lived in cities and in Europe and America, this ratio went as high as eight out of ten. More than one-third African lived in urban areas in this year while it was slightly over 40% in Asia.

It is projected that six out of ten persons in the world will live in urban areas in 2030. In this year more than 8 persons in every ten in America would be city living population while almost a same ratio would prevail for the European city-dwellers. In Africa and Asia, more than half of the population will start living in different cities.

Sample Answer 2:

The given bar graph gives data on the number of people living in urban areas in different continents of the world. The data are given for three different years, i.e. 1950, 2007 and projected for the year 2030.

As is presented from the given data, initially in 1950, on an average 29% people of the world lived in the urban area. In this year, the highest percentage of the population lived in urban areas were in North America which was 64%. In Africa and Asia, these percentages were lowest (15 and 17 percentage respectively). Half of the Europeans lived in urban areas while this percentage was 42% in Latin America. After 57 years in 2007, the percentage of urban area population reached to 49% in the world. North America again had the highest percentage of the population who lived in urban areas. The lowest percentage was in Africa (37%) and in other continents, the percentages were around 40 to 70. The percentage of the population lived in urban areas increased significantly in 2007 compared to the percentages of 1950.

It is projected that 60% of the world population would live in urban areas in the year 2030. This percentage would be more than 80 in both of the American continents. In Europe, this would increase to 78 and both in Asia and Africa around half of their population would live in urban areas.

In summary, the percentage of people lived in urban areas increased over time and more and more people would be living in urban areas over time.

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