Task 1 (Bar chart) – The chart gives information about the UK’s ageing population


The chart below gives information about the UK’s ageing population in 1985 and makes predictions for 2035.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Sample Answer 1:

The given bar graph gives data on the old population of the United Kingdom for the year 1985 and also gives the projection for the year 2035.

As is observed from the given data, there were around 10% to 15% aged people who were more than 65 years old in 1985 in England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland and the UK. Among these countries that form the United Kingdom, the highest percentage of those aged people were in Wales amounting about 16% and the lowest percentage was in Northern Ireland which was about 12%.

The bar graph also shows the projection of the aged people in those countries and according to the projection, there would be a mentionable increase in the percentage of those aged people in 2035. The population over 65 years old would be around 25% and that represents the improvement of the lifespan of people in these countries.  Wales would have the highest percentage of aged people among the given country which would be around 27%.

Model Answer 2:

The column graph gives the ratio of elderly population in different constituent parts in the UK in 1985 and also gives a prediction of this proportion in 2035 in these countries. Overall, Wales had the highest proportion of senior citizens in 1985 and the percentages of elderly people in all these locations will upsurge in the future.

Getting back to the details, 15% population in the UK was over 64 years old in 1985 and this ratio was the highest in Wales – around 16.5%. Around a person out of 7 was a senior citizen in England and Scotland and this ratio of elderly generation in Northern Ireland was slightly lower. It is predicted that the ratio of the older populace in 2035 will increase remarkably and one out of four persons in Wales and Scotland would be over 64 years old. The ratio of elderly people in other countries in the UK would be between 22 to 23 percentages which will be a significant growth than that of 1985.

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