Task 1 (Line Graph) – The graph shows the unemployment rates in the US and Japan


The graph below shows the unemployment rates in the US and Japan between March 1993 and March 1999.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

You should write at least 150 words.

Model Answer 1:

The given line graph compares the proportion of unemployed people in the US and Japan through the period from March 1993 to March 1999. It is obvious that the unemployment rates of these two countries changed oppositely.

The percentage of the US tended to decrease over the years. However, at the same time, unfortunately, Japan witnessed the rapid growth in the rates. Nevertheless, in 1999, both nations almost had the same percentage, which means the lowest figures of the US were equal to the highest ones of Japan.

In March 1993, the proportion of unemployment in the US was a bit off 7% whereas that of Japan was about 2.5%. It was marked in 1998 when Japan’s rate reached the highest point of approximately 5.2%. The contradiction happened to the US: its rate went to the lowest of 4.8%.

Although the processes of figures changing of these countries were totally opposite, the last numbers, amazingly, turned out to be extremely close. In March 1999, the rates of unemployment in the USA and Japan stood still at about 5.1% and 4.9% respectively.

[ Written by – Ha Nguyen Nguyen ]

Sample Answer 2:

The given line graph compares the unemployment rates in the USA and Japan from March 1993 to March 1999. As an overall trend, the USA succeeded to decrease its unemployment rate over the time while the scenario was completely reverse in Japan despite its initial ignorable rate of unemployment.

As can be seen from the given illustration, the unemployment rate in the USA was just over 7% in March 1993 while it was less than 2.5% in Japan. However, this rate kept on decreasing in the USA while it went up in Japan. In two years, the percentage of jobless Americans fall to just below 5.5% while it increased in Japan and stood at 3.0% at the same time. The opposite trend of the line graph depicts that unemployment rate in the USA gradually declined while increased in the case of Japan. The rates of joblessness in these two countries intersected between March 1998 and March 1999 when the unemployment rate in both countries was just about 4.5%. At the end of 1998, the percentage of unemployment among the Americans became less than that of Japan. The data presents that jobless people’s percentage in the USA was just above 4.0 in 1999 while this rate in Japan reached to over 4.5% which was more than double than the initial rate of their unemployment.

[Written by – David Smith]

Previous articleTask 1 (Bar chart) – Participation in education and science in developing and industrialised countries
Next articleMultiple charts: Demand for electricity in England during winter and summer


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here