Task 1 (Pie chart) – Ages of the populations of Yemen and Italy In 2000 and projections for 2050


The charts below give Information on the ages of the populations of Yemen and Italy In 2000 and projections for 2050.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

You should write at least 150 words.

Sample Answer 1:

The given pie charts show data on the population ages in Yemen and Italy in the year 2000 and also projected these portions of the population for the year 2050.

According to the given data, more than half of the population of Yemen was below 14 years old in the year 2000. In this same year, their population from 15 to 59 years old was just over 46% and only about 3% of their population was over 60 years old. In this year there was one-fourth population in Italy over 60 years old and more than 60% of their population was from 15 to 59 years old. The percentage of aged people in Italy was much higher than Yemen in 2000. Finally, the percentage of the population up to 14 years in Italy was less than 15% in this year was.

The pie charts also give the projection of the percentage of population based on age group for the year 2050 and according to this projection, the percentage of younger people in Yemen would decrease while the number of ag d people over 60 years would increase only by 2%. On the contrary, the aged people in Italy in 2050 would be more than 40% while they would have less young people.

Sample Answer 2:

The pie charts illustrate the proportion of populations in Yemen and Italy according to 3 different age groups in 2000, with the future forecast for 2050.  It can be seen that in both countries the general trend is for a predicted increase in the population of people aged 60+ and a decrease in those aged 0-14 by 2050.

Looking at Yemen in 2000, around half of the population was aged 0-14 but this is predicted to decline by 13% by 2050.  On the contrary, the 60+ age group will increase by 2% by 2050 to a figure of 5.7%.  Likewise, those aged 15-59 years is forecast to increase from 46.3% to 57.3%.

Turning now to Italy in 2000, there is a similar rise predicted for 60 plus age group; from around 24% in 2000 to 42.3% by 2050.  The -0-14 age-groups, like in Yemen, is predicted to decrease by around 3% by 2050 to a figure of 11.5%.  Those aged 15-59 years is forecast to plummet by about 15% to a figure of 46.2%.

To conclude, in Yemen and Italy we would expect to observe an increase in elderly in 60+ by 2050.  By contrast, it is predicted that the 0-14 age group would plummet by 2050.

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