Task 1 (Pie chart) – Units of electricity production by fuel source in Australia and France


The pie charts below show units of electricity production by fuel source Australia and France in 1980 and 2000.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

You should write at least 150 words.

Units of electricity by fuel source in Australia

Units of electricity by fuel source in France

Sample Answer 1:

The given pie charts show data on the electricity production from fuel sources in Australia and in France in 1980 and 2000. As is observed from the pie charts, coal was the main source for electricity production in Australia while France used the Nuclear Power more in recent years to produce their electricity demand.

According to the given data, Australia produced 100 units of electricity in 1980 and 170 units in 2000 while the production in France was 90 units and doubled in the year 2000. In Australia, coal was the main source of electricity production and half of the total electricity produced came from coal in 1980. Natural gas and hydropower contributed of producing 20 units of electricity while remaining 10 units was produced from oil. The dependency on coal increased in 2000 for electricity production while oil and natural gases were very minimally used for electricity production. Nuclear power was not used in Australia as a source for producing electricity.

On the contrary, In France, natural gas and coal together produced half of the electricity in 1980. The use of nuclear power increased significantly in France in 2000 amounting 126 units in this year compared to the 15 units 20 years back.  

Sample Answer 2:

The pie charts illustrate the total production of electricity measured in units and divided by different sources of fuel in Australia and France in the year 1980 and 2000.
Overall, it is clearly shown that major fuel sources used in electricity production were different in Australia and France.

First of all, there were considerably more units of electricity produced in Australia in 2000 (170 units) than 1980 (100 units). The majority of electricity produced in Australia for both years was from the coal but there was a higher dependency of coal in the production of electricity in 2000 than 1980 (130 out of 170 and 50% respectively). There was an increase of 16 units of electricity produced by hydropower from 1989 to 2008 whereas the other sources like natural gas and oil contributed less to the electricity production in 2000 than in 1980.

Turning to the fuel sources in France, it is apparent that electricity production doubled in 2000 than in 1980, which was 180 for the former and 90 for the latter. The most striking feature is that there was only 15 out of 90 units of electricity produced by nuclear power in 1980. However, it became the main fuel source of electricity production in France in 2000, which was 70%. Not forgetting to mention that the use of other fuel sources in the electricity production became less in 2000 than in 1980.

[ Written by – Lee Wing Qeen ]

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