Task 1 (Table) – Proportion of families living in poverty in Australia

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The table below shows the proportion of different categories of families living in poverty in Australia in 1999.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. 

» You should write at least 150 words.

Family TypeProportion of people from each
household type living in poverty
Single aged person

Aged couple

Single, no children

Couple, no children

Sole parent

Couple with children

All households
6% (54,000)

4% (48,000)

19% (359,000)

7% (211,000)

21% (232,000)

12% (933,000)

11% (1, 837, 000)

Model Answer 1:

The table data presents information about the types of Australian families who were poverty-stricken in 1999. It also shows the number and proportion of such impoverished families for the same year.

Overall, more than 1.83 million Australian families were poor in 1999 and it comprised just over one-tenth of the total Australian households. Furthermore, poverty was more prevalent among soles parents and singles without any children.

As the data suggest, one out of five sole parents in Australia was destitute and it was the highest percentage of poverty among the given family types in 1999. The higher number of poor family, however, were the couples with children accounting for approximately one million households. 7% couples without children, on the other hand, were not affluent. 19% Single Australians without any child were needy while this rate among the elder citizens was fewer – 6% single ages person and 4% aged couple were poor and the total number of such families were 54,000 and 48,000 respectively.    

Model Answer 2:

The table data outlines the ratio and number of impoverished families in Australia in the year 1999.

It is evident that more than one-tenth of Australian families, approximately 1.8 million in total, lived in poverty in 1999, and couples with children made the highest number of destitute families.

According to the table data, only 6% aged singles and 4% aged couple lived in poverty in 1999. It is evident that elder Australians were economically stronger than their younger counterparts. Again, 19% singles without any child were not affluent and their total number was just over 0.35 million. Compared to that, only 7% couples with no children suffered from poverty. Furthermore, sole-parents who were poor in 1999 were 232,000 in number and their poverty ratio was 21%, the highest. Finally, 12% couple with children lived in the destitute situation in 1999 and their percentage was 12% and the total number was 933,000. This type of family had the largest number of poverty-stricken households, though, their percentage was lower than that of poor sole parents and singles with no children.

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