HomeWriting Task 1Line graphWriting Task 1: Ownership of Electrical Appliances Line Chart

Writing Task 1: Ownership of Electrical Appliances Line Chart

The charts below show the changes in ownership of electrical appliances and amount of time spent doing housework in households in one country between 1920 and 2019.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Sample Answer 1

The first graph displays the percentages of households in one country that owned electrical appliances between 1920 and 2019, while the second graph illustrates how much time the average household in that country spent doing housework every week during the same period.

Overall, ownership of all three appliances increased during this period, with that of refrigerators having the greatest growth. At the same time, the amount of time spent on housework decreased.

Washing machines were the most common of the three electrical appliances in 1920, with ownership reaching 40% of households. This number then had risen to about 75% by 2019, with a small dip in 1980. Nearly a third of households owned vacuum cleaners in 1920. Although ownership climbed steadily, it did not reach 100% until 2000.

In comparison, almost no households had a refrigerator in 1920. However, ownership increased rapidly and by 1980 there was one in every household.

The amount of time spent doing housework, in contrast, first fell significantly from 50 to 15 hours per week per household between 1920 and 1980. After that, it experienced only a small drop to just over 10 hours a week in 2019.

(193 Words)

Sample Answer 2

The line charts detail total percentages of electrical appliances in a given country from 1920 to 2019 and the results on housework undertaken per week. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that all electrical appliances became more popular, in particular refrigerators and vacuum cleaners. The total time spent doing housework has also declined steadily and dramatically in the last one hundred years.

Refrigerators witnessed the most significant rise, beginning at just over 0% in 1920, surging to more than 50% by 1950, and then continuing to rise steadily until plateauing at 100% around 1980. Vacuum cleaners started higher at 30% and then rose by precisely 20% every 20 years until 1960 when growth tapered and ownership ultimately reached 100% by 1980. In contrast, proportions for washing machines began at 40%, climbed to 70% by 1960, then fell slightly, and recovered to finish the period at just above 70%.

The result for housework was that time spent washing clothes, preparing meals, and cleaning fell steadily from 50 hours a week in 1920 to 20 by 1960. After that, the decline was more gradual, reaching slightly above 10 hours by 2019.

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